Greece migrants: New Lesbos camp rehouses 800 after fire


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Temporary camp on Lesbos, 14 Sep 20

image copyrightReuters

image captionMany migrants remain reluctant to enter this new camp

About 800 of more than 12,000 migrants and refugees who fled an inferno at a camp on the Greek island of Lesbos last week have been rehoused in a temporary structure.

The Greek migration ministry said 21 had tested positive for coronavirus and had been moved into isolation.

The tents are near the overcrowded Moria camp destroyed by the fire.

Meanwhile off Crete, Greek rescuers saved 56 migrants from a capsized boat but two children and a woman drowned.

Their bodies were recovered 12 nautical miles (14 miles) off Crete’s eastern coast and it is not yet clear if there were more victims.

The Greek coastguard service said four vessels and two helicopters took part in the search late on Monday, amid strong wind.

Sleeping rough

Greece plans to build a permanent reception centre for migrants and refugees on Lesbos, to replace Moria.

The UN refugee agency UNHCR is equipping the temporary camp at Kara Tepe – on a former military firing range – near the island’s main town Mytilene. So far the conditions are reported to be very basic, with migrants lacking mattresses and showers.

Migration Minister Notis Mitarakis, quoted by the Greek daily Ekathimerini, said the temporary camp would be able to house all those left without shelter after the Moria fire.

Most of those who fled have spent six nights sleeping rough, many on a road to Mytilene which is blocked by police, to prevent them reaching the port.

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Greek officials say the migrants are mostly reluctant to enter the temporary camp, as they really want to leave Lesbos, after the squalor of Moria. But Greece says that in most cases migrants can only leave once their asylum applications have been processed.

Germany plans to house nearly 2,000

On Friday, Germany announced that 10 European countries had agreed to take 400 unaccompanied minors who had been living in Moria.

German Chancellor Angela Merkel and Interior Minister Horst Seehofer have agreed that Germany will take in 1,500 migrants, in addition to 100-150 of the unaccompanied minors. Those children were flown to mainland Greece after the fire.

The 1,500 are expected to be mainly women and children. But the agreement has not been finalised yet with Mrs Merkel’s coalition partners – the Social Democrats (SPD). The Greek government wants to keep the 12,000 plus migrants from Moria in the new camp at present.

Besides Germany, no other EU country has offered to take in hundreds of the Moria migrants.

media captionThousands of migrants and refugees are demanding more permanent housing elsewhere

Greek Prime Minister Kyriakos Mitsotakis said that it was “time for Europe’s support to pass from words into actions, to be expressed in tangible solidarity”. He was speaking on Tuesday after meeting EU Council President Charles Michel in Athens.

The Moria camp was initially designed to house 3,000 migrants and refugees. However, at the time it was destroyed more than 12,000 were housed there.

People from 70 countries had been sheltered there, most from Afghanistan.

Fires broke out in more than three places at the camp overnight last Tuesday, according to local fire chief Konstantinos Theofilopoulos. Further fires left it almost completely destroyed.

The Greek government has accused migrants of starting the blaze, because they were angered by isolation measures imposed to curb the coronavirus outbreak. Migrants have disputed that, blaming hostile locals for the blaze.

Since the 2015 migrant crisis the numbers arriving on Greek islands near Turkey have fallen considerably, but Greek camps remain overcrowded, as are those in Italy.

Greece and Italy have accused wealthier northern nations in the EU of failing to share the burden, as irregular migrants – including refugees from war zones – continue to seek a new life in Europe.

Central and eastern European members of the EU reject the idea of taking in a quota of migrants, and at the end of this month the EU Commission is expected to present a new plan for tackling the migration crisis.

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