Edinburgh’s five cultural festivals will not take place in August due to concerns around the Covid-19 pandemic.
The cancellation means that the Edinburgh International Festival and the Fringe will not take place for the first time in more than 70 years.
The Military Tattoo, Edinburgh Art Festival and Edinburgh International Book Festival are also affected.
The festivals attract audiences of about 4.4 million people to the city each summer.
Culture Secretary Fiona Hyslop said the festivals would be “missed greatly”.
“But in taking this difficult decision now, everyone involved in the festivals, from staff to spectators, will be able to fully focus on their health and wellbeing which is critical during this time of great uncertainty,” she said.
“I am committed to looking into support for seasonal staff who will suffer some of the greatest impact.
“The Scottish government will work with the festivals and all partners to ensure they can build on their previous success and return to the stage in 2021.”