Russian debutant Andrey Rublev earned his first ATP Finals victory in a dead rubber against Austrian third seed Dominic Thiem, who was already assured of his place in the semi-finals.
US Open champion Thiem, 27, could not recover from a slow start as Rublev won 6-2 7-5 at the O2 Arena in London.
Thiem reached the last four by beating Stefanos Tsitsipas and Rafael Nadal.
Tsitsipas and Nadal meet in a straight fight for the other spot from Group London 2020 at 20:00 GMT on Thursday.
Whoever wins between Spanish second seed Nadal and Greece’s defending champion Tsitsipas will progress alongside Thiem.
Nadal, 34, is bidding for a first ATP Finals title, while 23-year-old Tsitsipas is aiming to become the first player to win back-to-back singles titles since Novak Djokovic in 2015.
Thiem was beaten by the Greek in the final 12 months ago and showed his intentions of going one step further this year – in the event’s farewell to London – with high-quality wins over Tsitsipas and Nadal.
However, the Austrian was unable to find the same level as Rublev, 23, broke serve twice in each set in an attacking performance.
Thiem will find out on Friday if he plays Serbia’s world number one Djokovic or Germany’s 2018 champion Alexander Zverev in Saturday’s semi-finals.
Nadal or Tsitsipas know their opponent will be Russian fourth seed Daniil Medvedev, who clinched top spot in Group Tokyo 1970 by beating Djokovic on Wednesday.
How they stand
|Matches won-lost||Sets won-lost||Games won-lost|
|1. Dominic Thiem [Q]||2-1||4-3||38-40|
|2. Andrey Rublev||1-2||3-4||33-36|
|3. Rafael Nadal||1-1||2-2||24-21|
|4. Stefanos Tsitsipas||1-1||3-3||32-30|